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English Grammar: Learning Parts of Speech

By Laura Wise

Need to brush up your grammar? Teach ESL? Have a grammar quiz? Confused by language terminology? This list of 40 articles gives a reference point to start your research into the complexities of English grammar and parts of speech.

Nouns and Pronouns

English To begin with, what are you talking about? Learn about nouns --- people, places, things and ideas. How do nouns function in the English language? How are they formed? Do your students understand the use of pronouns? What about plural nouns and nouns as verbs? These 8 articles give an overview of nouns, including topics such as noun gender, function and formation.

Verbs

So now you know all about nouns --- but you can't talk about nouns without verbs. Verbs, the "action words" of English, are the real substance of any language. These 9 articles cover verb function, formation, tense, aspect and mood. Don't let the technical terms put you off! Teach your students the modal, or auxiliary, verbs. Discover the basics of how verbs function in the English language, and also explore some of the finer points of verbs and grammar.

Adjectives

Adjectives are the modifiers of the English language. One of the more flexible English parts of speech, they can be used as nouns and confused with adverbs --- so watch out! Adjectives describe nouns and allow the speaker or writer to take their expression of concepts to the next level with elaboration. With 6 articles about various aspects of adverbs, broaden your knowledge of this most expressive part of speech.

Give your students this test sentence: He is a good _____. He _______(s) well, so that he can test whether a word is an adjective or an adverb. For example, He is a good cook. He cooks well. "Good" is the adjective. "Well" is the adverb.

Adverbs

Adverbs, like adjectives, are another type of modifier. While adjectives modify nouns, adverbs modify verbs. Together with the above articles on adjectives, these 3 articles on adverb forms and functions should enrich your knowledge and understanding of modifiers in the English language.

Word and Sentence Construction

The goal of learning English grammar is not only to be able to name and describe all the different parts of speech, but also to be able to put all the pieces together into clear, articulate sentences. Forming English words also requires a general knowledge of parts of speech. For example, how do you derive, convert, compound, clip, bend or coin words? Learn about word formation, clauses and phrases with these 8 articles.

ESL Lesson Plans

If you teach English as a Second Language, you have the difficult task of explaining grammar terms and parts of speech to non-native speakers. Oftentimes, that which comes naturally for native English speakers is difficult to put into words. Many times, these are concepts, terms and grammar specifics that many native English speakers and English students never learned or do not understand themselves. These 6 lesson plans give lesson ideas on subjects including tenses, verbs and adjectives.

A table of contents of articles on English parts of speech would have to be pages and pages long in order to cover every detail and aspect of the English language. However, this list of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and some ESL lesson plans should give you more than enough basic material to cover the basics.