Math Vocabulary Words For Bilingual French-English Speakers
Learning the Numbers – Counting From Zero to Ten
0 – Zéro, 1 – Un, 2 – Deux, 3 – Trois, 4 – Quatre, 5 – Cinq, 6 – Six, 7 – Sept, 8 – Huit, 9 – Neuf, 10 – Dix
Practicing the Numbers From One to Ten
Singing Ten Green Bottles (a children’s counting song) in French is an excellent way to familiarize students with the numbers from one to ten.
Learning the Numbers – Counting From Eleven to Twenty
11 – Onze, 12 – Douze, 13 – Treize, 14 – Quatorze, 15 – Quinze, 16 – Seize, 17 – Dix-sept, 18 – Dix-huit, 19 – Dix-neuf, 20 – Vingt
Note how the format of the numbers changes when you get to seventeen (dix-sept). The numbers from zero to sixteen each have a specific word, but seventeen becomes dix-sept, or ten-seven. The numbers now continue to take this format, making them easier to learn.
Practicing the Numbers Between Eleven and Twenty
First, divide students into two groups. Now give each student in the first group a job, such as baker, butcher, post office worker, etc. The other members of the group can now go to each "shop" in turn, buying a different quantity of a different item.
Student 1 (going to each "shop" in turn):
(At the baker’s) Je voudrais douze croissants, s’il-vous-plaît.
(At the grocer’s) Quinze oeufs, s’il-vous-plaît.
(At the post office) Je voudrais dix-sept timbres, s’il-vous-plaît.
When every student has finished their shopping, the two groups change places.
Learning the Numbers – Counting From Twenty Upwards
21 – vingt-et-un (literally one and twenty), 22 – vingt-deux (two and twenty), 23 – vingt-trois (three and twenty), and so on until you reach thirty.
30 – Thirty
40 – Quarante
60 – Soixante
70 – Soixante-dix (literally sixty-ten)
80 – Quatre-vingt (four twenties)
90 – quatre-vingt-dix (four twenties and ten)
100 – Cent
Once 100 is reached, the sequence starts again. For example:
101 – cent un, 102 – cent deux, etc.
200 – deux cents
300 – trois cents, etc.
1,000 – mille
Practicing the Numbers From Twenty Upwards
Divide students into groups of two. One student is given a recipe to read aloud to the other, who must write it down. The students should then swap places and use a different recipe. Compare the notes against the original to make sure that all the numbers have been taken down correctly.
Example Recipe 1
Pour la pâte
- 320 g de farine 225 g de beurre 110 g de sucre en poudre 3 jaunes d’oeuf
Pour la tarte
- 6 pommes Golden 115 g de sucre en poudre 115 g de beurre
Faire cuire à 250C.
Example Recipe 2
- 115 ml de lait 65 g de farine 25 g de levure
- 5 oeufs 450 g de farine 450 g de beurre 60 g de sucre 12 g de sel
Faire cuire à 220C
When the students are happy with the numbers, start to introduce additional math vocabulary.
- To divide – diviser
- To add – additioner
- To subtract – soustraire
- To multiply – multiplier
- Percentage – pourcentage (m)
- To total – totaliser
- Sum – total (m) or somme (f)
- Plus – plus
- Minus – moins
- To equal – égaler
Practicing the Math Vocabulary
Ask students to make up their own sums, and read them out to the rest of the group. The other students should give the (hopefully correct) answer!
Example: 30 divisé par 10 plus 101 moins 14 égale? 90.
Teaching math vocabulary words to bilingual French-English students and practicing it using the activities will help improve your students' listening and language skills in an interesting, accessible way.