Spanish Vocabulary and Expressions: Una Visita al Médico

By KellenKautzman

You are traveling abroad. What if you need to visit a doctor? Would you know how to explain your symptoms? Do you know how to say "fever" or "diabetes" in Spanish? If the answer is no, then take a look at this Spanish medical vocabulary.

All You Need to Know When Visiting Your Doctor

Spanish medical vocabulary So, you are feeling ill and need to go to the doctor in a Spanish-speaking country. But wait! You are not at home, and it would be helpful to know the basics for communicating medical needs in Spanish. Don't panic: here are some Spanish medical vocabulary words and expressions, from facilities and specialties to disease names and typical expressions. You can also learn more Spanish vocabulary using the Internet.

Lugares y Departamentos (Facilities and Departments)

  • (el) ambulatorio – Outpatients' department
  • (la) cirugía – Surgery
  • (la) clínica – Clinic
  • (la) consulta – Office hours
  • (la) enfermería – Sick bay
  • (la) ginecología – Gynecology
  • (la) hematología – Hematology
  • (el) hospital – Hospital
  • (la) maternidad – Maternity hospital;
  • (la medicina general – Family medicine
  • (la) oncología – Oncology
  • (la) pediatría – Pediatrics
  • (la) psiquiatría – Psychiatry
  • (los) rayos X – X-Ray
  • (la) sala de espera – Waiting room
  • (la) Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) – Intensive Care Unit, ICU
  • (la) Unidad de Vigilancia Intensiva (UVI) – Intensive Care unit, ICU
  • (las) Urgencias – Emergency Room

Personales Médicos (Medical Personnel)

  • (el) cirujano – Surgeon
  • (el) dentista – Dentist
  • (el) enfermero, (la) enfermera – Nurse
  • (el) ginecólogo – Gynecologist
  • (la) matrona – Midwife
  • (el) médico de familia – Family doctor
  • (el) neurólogo – Neurologist
  • (el) oculista, (el) oftalmólogo – Ophthalmologist
  • (el) oncólogo – Oncologist
  • (el / la) pediatra – Pediatrician
  • (el) psicólogo – Psychologist
  • (el / la) psiquiatra – Psychiatrist
  • (el / la) tocólogo – Obstetrician

Síntomas (Symptoms)

  • (la) alergia – Allergy
  • Alucinar – To hallucinate
  • (la) congestión – Congestion
  • (el) corte – Cut
  • (la) diarrea – Diarrhea
  • (el) dolor – Ache, pain
  • (el) dolor de barriga – Bellyache
  • (el) dolor de cabeza – Headache
  • (el) dolor de oídos – Earache
  • (la) fiebre – Fever
  • (la) hemorragia nasal – Nosebleed
  • (la) herida – Injury
  • (la) infección – Infection
  • (la) irritación – Irritation
  • (la) migraña – Migraine
  • (la) náusea – Nausea
  • (el) picor – Itch
  • (el) temblor – Shivering;
  • (la) tos – Cough
  • Toser – To cough
  • (el) vómito – Vomiting

Nombres de las Partes del Cuerpo (Names of General Body Parts)

  • (la) arteria – Artery
  • (la) boca – Mouth
  • (el) brazo – Arm
  • (el) cabello, (el) pelo – Hair
  • (la) cabeza – Head
  • (la) cara – Face
  • (el) codo – Elbow
  • (el) corazón – Heart
  • (el) cuello – Neck
  • (el) dedo de la mano – Finger
  • (el) dedo del pie – Toe
  • (el) diente – Tooth
  • (la) espalda – Back
  • (el) estómago – Stomach
  • (la) garganta – Thoat
  • (el) hígado – Liver
  • (el) hombre – Shoulder
  • (la) lengua – Tongue
  • (la) mano – Hand
  • (la) nariz – Nose
  • (el) ojo – Eye
  • (la) oreja, (el) oído – Ear
  • (la) pierna – Leg
  • (el) pulmón – Lung
  • (el) riñón – Kidney
  • (la) rodilla – knee
  • (la) sangre – Blood
  • (el) tobillo – Ankle

Explicar sus síntomas al doctor (Explaining your symptoms to the doctor)

Let's imagine you go to the doctor and the doctor asks you:

  • ¿Qué le pasa? - What's happening to you?

or

  • ¿Cómo se siente? - How do you feel?

You'll need some concrete expressions to make the doctor know about your health:

  • Tengo fiebre. – I have a temperature.
  • Me mareo. – I feel dizzy.
  • Me encuentro mal. – I feel unwell.
  • Me duele la cabeza. – I have a headache.
  • Me duelen las muelas. – I have a toothache.
  • Me duele el estómago. – I have a stomachache.
  • Me duele aquí. – I have a pain here
  • Tengo quemaduras de sol. – I have sunburn.
  • Estoy tomando esta/estas medicina/s. – I am taking "x" medicine(s).
  • Necesito una receta para este medicamento. – I need a new prescription for this " x" medicine.
  • Necesito una medicina para la migraña / dolor de oídos / alergias. – I need medicine for a migraine/earache/allergies.

And let the doctor know that:

  • Soy alérgico a la penicilina. – I am allergic to penicillin.
  • Estoy embarazada. – I am pregnant.
  • ¡Me estoy poniendo de parto ahora! – I am going into labor (having the baby) now!
  • Tomé este alimento / Tomé esta medicina antes. – I ate this food/ took this medicine earlier.
  • Tuve un ataque al corazón / una apoplejía / una rotura de hueso. – I have had this happen/a heart attack /stroke/broken bone before.
  • Aquí está la información de mi seguro. – Here is my insurance information.

Enfermedades (Illnesses)

  • (la) bronquitis – Bronchitis
  • (la) diabetes – Diabetes
  • (la) gastroenteritis – Gastroenteritis
  • (la) gripe – Flu
  • (la) hepatitis – Hepatitis
  • (la) infección – Infection
  • (el) insomnio – Insomnia
  • (la) otitis – Ear infection
  • (el) resfriado, (el) catarro – A cold
  • (el) reumatismo – Rheumatism

¿Qué su doctor dice? (What does your doctor say?)

  • Tiene que hacerse una prueba. – You need to have a test done.
  • Tiene que ir al hospital (inmediatamente). – You must go to the hospital (immediately).
  • Tiene que ir a Urgencias. – You must go to the Emergency room.
  • Pida este producto en la farmacia. – Ask for this product at the drugstore.
  • Compre este producto en la farmacia, y tómelo x veces al día. – Get this product from the drugstore, and take it x times a day. (in case we are talking about a medicine to be taken)

or

  • Compre este producto en la farmacia, y úselo x veces al día. – Get this product from the drugstore, and use it x times a day. (in case we are talking about a cream to be applied or similar.)
  • ¿Lleva ahora mismo con usted la medicina para esta enfermedad? – Do you have medicine for this problem with you?
  • ¿Qué medicinas está tomando ahora? – What medicines are you taking now?
  • No beba alcohol / no conduzca cuando tome esta medicina. – Do not drink alcohol/drive when you are taking this medicine.
  • No es grave – It is not serious.
  • ¿Es esta la primera vez que le pasa esto? – Is this the first time it happens to you?
  • Aquí tiene esta receta – Here you have this prescription.
  • Tiene que tomar esta medicina. – You have to take this medicine.
  • Tome esta medicina dos veces al día – Take this medicine twice a day.
  • Tendrá que visitar a un especialista. – You'll have to visit a specialist.