# 3rd Grade Math Assessment on Multiplication and Division

Ready to see how well your students understand the basic concepts of multiplication and division? Use this assessment as an in-class test or take-home assignment.

This assessment is aligned to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics – Grade 3 – Operations and Algebraic Thinking; **Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.**

- 3.OA.1: Interpret products of whole numbers.
- 3.OA.2: Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers.
- 3.OA.3: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities.
- 3.OA.4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers.

## Assessment

**Write the equation that is described below and solve. Label your answer.**

1. There are 5 bags. There are 3 balls in each bag. How many total balls are there?

2. There are 3 serving trays. There are 7 cupcakes on each tray. How many total cupcakes are there?

3. There are 9 rows in a classroom. There are 4 desks in each row. How many total desks are there in the classroom?

4. There are 6 classrooms. There are 5 computers in each classroom. How many total computers are there?

5. There are 8 families living on the street. Each family has 2 pets. How many total pets are there?

6. There are 24 school bus wheels. There are 4 wheels on each school bus. How many school buses are there?

7. There are 40 chairs around the tables in the dining hall. There are 8 chairs around each table. How many tables are there in the dining hall.

8. There are 32 seats on an airplane. There are 4 seats in each row. How many rows of seats are there on the airplane?

9. There are 49 cupcakes. There are 7 cupcakes on each serving tray. How many serving trays are there?

10. There are 18 tricycle wheels. There are 3 wheels on each tricycle. How many tricycles are there?

11. A floor needs 10 rows of tiles with 8 tiles in each row. How many total tiles are needed?

12. There are 5 bicycles. Each bicycle has 2 wheels. How many total bicycle wheels are there?

13. There are 24 toy cars. There are 8 party bags. How many toy cars are in each party bag?

14. There are 36 cupcakes. There are 4 serving trays. How many cupcakes are there on each serving tray?

15. There are 72 seats on an airplane. There are 6 seats in each row. How many rows of seats are there on the airplane?

**Solve for the unknown that makes the equation true.**

16. 9 x 6 = ?

17. 7 x ? = 84

18. 30 / 5 = ?

19. 5 / ? = 5

20. ? / 8 = 12

## Answer Key

1. 5 x 3 = 15; 15 balls

2. 3 x 7 = 21; 21 cupcakes

3. 9 x 4 = 36; 36 desks

4. 6 x 5 = 30; 30 computers

5. 8 x 2 = 16; 16 pets

6. 24 / 4 = 6; 6 school buses

7. 40 / 8 = 5; 5 tables

8. 32 / 4 = 8; 8 rows

9. 49 / 7 = 7; 7 serving trays

10. 18 / 3 = 6; 6 tricycles

11. 10 x 8 = 80; 80 tiles

12. 5 x 2 = 10; 10 bicycle wheels

13. 24 / 8 = 3; 3 toy cars

14. 36 / 4 = 9; 9 cupcakes

15. 72 / 6 = 12; 12 rows

16. 54

17. 12

18. 6

19. 1

20. 96