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3rd Grade Math Assessment on Multiplication and Division

By Donna Ventura

Ready to see how well your students understand the basic concepts of multiplication and division? Use this assessment as an in-class test or take-home assignment.

This assessment is aligned to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics – Grade 3 – Operations and Algebraic Thinking; Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.

  • 3.OA.1: Interpret products of whole numbers.
  • 3.OA.2: Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers.
  • 3.OA.3: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities.
  • 3.OA.4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers.

Assessment

Write the equation that is described below and solve. Label your answer.

1. There are 5 bags. There are 3 balls in each bag. How many total balls are there?

2. There are 3 serving trays. There are 7 cupcakes on each tray. How many total cupcakes are there?

3. There are 9 rows in a classroom. There are 4 desks in each row. How many total desks are there in the classroom?

4. There are 6 classrooms. There are 5 computers in each classroom. How many total computers are there?

5. There are 8 families living on the street. Each family has 2 pets. How many total pets are there?

6. There are 24 school bus wheels. There are 4 wheels on each school bus. How many school buses are there?

7. There are 40 chairs around the tables in the dining hall. There are 8 chairs around each table. How many tables are there in the dining hall.

8. There are 32 seats on an airplane. There are 4 seats in each row. How many rows of seats are there on the airplane?

9. There are 49 cupcakes. There are 7 cupcakes on each serving tray. How many serving trays are there?

10. There are 18 tricycle wheels. There are 3 wheels on each tricycle. How many tricycles are there?

11. A floor needs 10 rows of tiles with 8 tiles in each row. How many total tiles are needed?

12. There are 5 bicycles. Each bicycle has 2 wheels. How many total bicycle wheels are there?

13. There are 24 toy cars. There are 8 party bags. How many toy cars are in each party bag?

14. There are 36 cupcakes. There are 4 serving trays. How many cupcakes are there on each serving tray?

15. There are 72 seats on an airplane. There are 6 seats in each row. How many rows of seats are there on the airplane?

Solve for the unknown that makes the equation true.

16. 9 x 6 = ?

17. 7 x ? = 84

18. 30 / 5 = ?

19. 5 / ? = 5

20. ? / 8 = 12

Answer Key

1. 5 x 3 = 15; 15 balls

2. 3 x 7 = 21; 21 cupcakes

3. 9 x 4 = 36; 36 desks

4. 6 x 5 = 30; 30 computers

5. 8 x 2 = 16; 16 pets

6. 24 / 4 = 6; 6 school buses

7. 40 / 8 = 5; 5 tables

8. 32 / 4 = 8; 8 rows

9. 49 / 7 = 7; 7 serving trays

10. 18 / 3 = 6; 6 tricycles

11. 10 x 8 = 80; 80 tiles

12. 5 x 2 = 10; 10 bicycle wheels

13. 24 / 8 = 3; 3 toy cars

14. 36 / 4 = 9; 9 cupcakes

15. 72 / 6 = 12; 12 rows

16. 54

17. 12

18. 6

19. 1

20. 96