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Metaphor Lesson Plan

By Kathy Foust

We use metaphors every day and don't even realize it! This Metaphor Lesson Plan and Worksheet will teach your students to recognize metaphors in their everyday speech!

What is a Metaphor?

Teachers read the following information to your students, then do the board work included in the next section.


What is a metaphor? Have you ever been told you are a an angel or maybe something not so nice as that? That is a metaphor. Metaphors state that one object is the same as another, unrelated object. A metaphor state that these two things have some common ground. A good example is "Tom is a bum." Tom is not really a bum, but perhaps what the speaker means is that Tom is lazy or avoids work. The literal interpretation of what the speaker actually said is, "Tom and a bum are both lazy."

We use metaphors everyday to express our opinions. Sometimes metaphors are used in a not so nice way, like name calling. Now that you know what a metaphor is, we are going to test your knowledge on the board!

Metaphor Board Work

Teachers, write the following statements on the board. Ask students to finish the statements and/or explain what they mean.

  1. This homework is a nightmare! (Explain the statement.)
  2. You are such a ______________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  3. Carrie is such a peach! ( Explain the statement.)
  4. This day has been a dream. (Explain the statement.)
  5. My mother is a/an ___________________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  6. Eric is just a big teddy bear. (Explain the statement.)
  7. My handwriting is chicken scratch. (Explain the statement.)
  8. My teacher is a/an ______________________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  9. My allergies are driving me up the wall. (Explain the statement.)
  10. Carol is on my nerves! (Explain the statement.)

Independent Practice:

Once the board work is complete, ask the students to look at the person next to them and come up with a complimentary metaphor about them. Then, pass out and ask the students to complete the Metaphor Worksheet.


Metaphor Worksheet