Quick Review of Literary Elements
Before starting, review the literary elements for the project. Select five or six basic literary elements such as setting, characterization, theme, mood, point-of-view and conflict to include in the project. Make sure students have written the definitions and understand the literary term through examples.
One of my favorite stories to read with middle school students is The Ransom of Red Chief by O'Henry. Below is a brief outline of the information expected in a student's project.
- Creative Drawing: a copy of the note, a sling shot or rocks sitting near a cat
- Literary Elements:
Setting: Summit, Alabama, cave, 2 miles outside of Summit, Poplar Grove, horse and buggy days, sundown, on a mountain
Mood: doubtful, dangerous, desperate, exciting, relief, anxious
Characterization: Red Chief: red-haired boy, 10 years-old, creative, only child, mean, rude
Bill Driscoll: overweight, Red Chief's playmate, desperate, scared, beat-up, nicknamed Old hank
Sam: fast runner, not intelligent, leader, narrator, nicknamed Snake Eyes
Conflicts: Man vs. Man (Red Chief vs. Bill and Sam)
Man vs. Self (Bill and Sam vs. desire to get money easily)
Theme: Dynamite comes in small packages. Crime doesn't pay. The best laid plans of mice and men sometimes go astray.
Point-of-view: 1st person
3. Author Page:
Real name: William Sidney Porter
Born Sept. 11, 1862
left school at 15
Unexpected endings is his trademark
Wrote short stories while in prison