The History of School for Kindergarteners
In the following social studies lesson, Kindergarten students will have a better understanding of what school is based upon America's past. The lesson following this one (check the series below) is about how school has changed and learning the history of segregation in the American school system.
The First School Houses
Teach: Begin by asking students,what is school? Read the book, T is for Teachers: A School Alphabet, focusing on one-room schoolhouses. Have the students notice the differences between how school was and how it is today. Show students pictures of the first schoolhouses and then a picture of yours, how are they alike and different? Complete a Venn diagram with the students. Also, show students pictures of one-room schoolhouses attended by African American students and talk about segregation (more in detail in the next lesson following this one.)
Talk to the students about what they will learn this year at school, reading, writing, science, music, social studies, math, art, gym, and so on. If you have school colors and a school song, teach them to the students at this time.
White construction paper
Red construction paper triangles and squares (one per student)
Black construction paper rectangles
Template of a schoolhouse, if necessary
Procedure: Give one triangle, one square and several rectangles to each student. Have students construct a schoolhouse and glue it to the white paper. With a black permanent marker, print the name of your school on the paper, and have the students embellish the picture with their own designs. Provide a model for students to see.
Assessment: When shown pictures of the two schools, can students tell which school they are viewing? Have students describe what they see in both pictures, how are they similar and different? Are there any symbols that are the same in both pictures?
Finish with a Field Trip
Many states across America have historical one-room schoolhouses for teachers to take students on a field trip. Gather photographs and information about the historical school you intend to visit from the One-Room Schoolhouse Center to teach students the dates the school was in operation and interesting facts. Plan a field trip to the one-room schoolhouse, conduct a lesson plan and eat lunch there. When you return from the field trip, discuss how school is the same and different today and create a Venn diagram with the students. Students are usually quite surprised about how uncomfortable the conditions were in the past. Have students write (draw pictures) about the school they visited.