India has a vast diversity in terms of flora and fauna. Animals have always been an integral part of the culture, religion and architecture of India. Hindi as a language runs through the length and breadth of the country. The article lists names of some common and rare Indian species in Hindi.
Animals in India
India is a vast country extending from 5 degrees above the equator to about 35 degrees in the north. It extends from the Arabian Sea in its south to the Himalayas in the north. One experiences a vast diversity in terms of climate, rainfall, terrain, soil, flora and fauna through the length and breadth of the country. The forests of India are home to many rare species of animals. Through this article, we attempt to learn the names of animals in Hindi. Before we can actually start looking at the vocabulary, let us look at some important facts.
Respect for all forms of life is a part of the religion and culture of this land. In the ancient times, animals were also given the stature of Gods and Goddesses; incarnations of God or closely associated with a form of God. Lord Vishnu (the creator) is believed to have appeared in the form of a fish, a turtle and a boar. According to one of the beliefs, Lord Hanuman is an incarnation of Lord Shiva in the form of a monkey. Lord Hanuman plays a central role in the legendary epic the Ramayana. Lord Krishna belonged to a tribe of herdsman who reared cows. Flora and fauna have also played a very important role in architecture in ancient India. One can find intricate carvings of plants, animals and birds on the walls of ancient palaces and temples. Animals have been made heroes in many of the stories told to children. Possibly this was an indirect method of promulgating the message of ecological balance, without understanding the Science.
Nature, the flora and fauna of the country have suffered the impact of modernization. Many forests and rare species of animals have been lost to industrialization. Today, the government of India is taking serious and intensive steps to preserve the natural environment and the rare species found in the vast jungles. Hunting is banned in the country today and a number of areas have been declared national parks and sanctuaries. Concentrated efforts are being taken to preserve rare species. Some of the rare species found in India are Royal Bengal Tiger, Great Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Asiatic Lion, Stag and Snow Leopard.
A List of Animals
The Government of India is also trying to promote the concept of Eco Tourism through wild life tours, wild life safaris and wild life resorts. One can experience some exotic encounters with rare species at Corbett National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Kanha National Park, Periyar National Park, Bandipur National Park, Sunderbans National Park, Sariska National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Simlipal National Park, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Chinnar National Park, Idukki National Park, Peechi National Park and Peppara National Park. For detailed information the official site of the Ministry of Tourism in India can be visited.
The names of Indian animals (known as Pashu ) in Hindi are as follows:
Gorilla: van manush,
Hippopotamus: dariyaaee ghodaa,
Polar Bear: dhruveeya reech,
Seal: seel machalee,
All italicized words are Hindi words. A list of names of animals is available for download.