The article is intended to assist people in learning to speak Hindi. We will take a look at some everyday, colloquial Hindi that native speakers would use when visiting a vegetable market. Doing a little bit everyday will help you learn Hindi fast.
The Hindi Vegetable Market
If you ever happen to visit India for an extended period and have the occasion to shop at a vegetable market, knowing how to speak Hindi will certainly be of help. Thanks to the Internet, it is a breeze to learn to speak Hindi online. The following Hindi article about visiting a vegetable market may help you learn Hindi fast.
Language is actually not a problem for foreigners in India as most Indians can speak and understand English, or, at least the rudiments of English. Indians have the propensity, too, to mix English with a local language to create a hybrid, like, for instance, Hinglish. So it's not common for someone to ask, "Time kya hua?" ("What is the time?") or "Market kahan hai?" ("Where is the market?"). Therefore, there probably won't be too many lost-in-translation encounters. You can also, of course, always play it safe and shop in a mall.
Malls are mushrooming rapidly in Indian cities, but outdoor vegetable markets still remain very popular. In our town, there's a big vegetable bazaar every Sunday where you can get all kinds of fresh vegetables and fruit. Door-to-door vegetable and fruit vendors also do a brisk business.
A few things to keep in mind:
- The kilo system prevails in India.
It's polite to say 'Aap' (You, formal) to strangers and older people.
It's fine to say 'Tum' (You, informal) to friends and family.
- Vegetables are cheaper at an outside vegetable market than at a mall.
Hindi Conversation Phrases for Buying Vegetables and Fruit in a Vegetable Market
I want to go to the vegetable market -
- Mujhe sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi jaana hai.
I am going to go to the vegetable market -
- Main sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi jaane wali hoon. (f.)
- Main sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi jaane wala hoon. (m.)
I am going to the vegetable market -
- Main sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi ja rahi hoon. (f.)
- Main sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi ja raha hoon. (m.)
Do you want to come along with me to the vegetable market? -
- Tumhe mere sath sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi aana hai kya?
- Tum mere sath sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi chalogay?
Where is the vegetable market? -
- Sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi kahan hai?
Does this road lead to the vegetable market? -
- Yeh rasta sabji bazaar/ sabji mandi ki taraf jata hai?
Brother/Sister/Auntie/Uncle, are there any tomatoes? -
- Bhaiyya/Didi/Maasi/Kaka, tamatar hain kya?
I want this -
I want that -
I would like half a kilo of tomatoes -
- Mujhe aadha kilo tamatar chahiyeh.
I want one kilo of potatoes -
- Mujhe ek kilo aalu chahiyeh.
Give me a quarter kilo of French beans -
- Mujhe pav kilo farasbee toh jara dena.
Don't you have cauliflower today? -
- Aaj aapke pas phul-gobi nahi hain?
What is this? -
This is fresh, isn't it? -
How much is it? -
What is the price of this? -
Pass me the basket -
- Jara tokri mujhe doh toh.
What do I owe you? -
Won't you give me a discount? -
- Bhav kam nahi karogay kya?
Do you have change? -
- Aapke pas chhuttay paise hain kya?
No, I don't want a plastic bag -
- Nahi, mujhe plastic bag nahi chahiyeh.
Yes, it's okay, thank you, I have a bag -
- Hain, theek hai, shukriya, mere pas thaili hain.
List of Vegetables
Beet - Beet
Bitter Gourd - Karela
Brinjal - Baingan
Cabbage - Pattay-gobi
Capsicum - Dhobli Mirch/ Simla Mirch
Carrots - Gajar
Cauliflower - Phul-gobi
Chillies - Mirchi
Coriander - Kothimbir
Curry leaves - Kadipatta
French Beans - Farasbee
Garlic - Lasoon
Ginger - Aadrak
Gourd - Loki
Lady's Finger - Bhendi
Lemon - Nimbu
Lettuce - Lettuce
Onions - Kanda
Potatoes - Aaloo
Pumpkin - Dangar
Radish - Mula
Spinach - Palak
String Beans - Shravan ghevda
Sweet Potatoes - Ratala
Turmeric - Haldi